Unit tests (a.k.a. "small tests")
These test suites are aimed at testing various modules and libraries standalone, without launching a MongooseIM instance. They are very useful for developing/debugging libraries.
The test suites are located in
To run all of them, use
./rebar3 ct; to run just a selected suite, use
./rebar3 ct --suite test/my_selected_SUITE.
Rebar recompiles all the code automatically, there is no need for a separate compilation step.
If all the tests pass, you wll get no output and summary log will be available in ct.log. If any of the tests fail the summary log is printed to stdout.
Detailed test results in a nice HTML format are saved in
End-to-end tests (a.k.a. "big tests")
In shell #1:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM $ ./rebar3 compile $ make devrel
In shell #2:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM/_build/mim1/rel/mongooseim $ ./bin/mongooseimctl live
In shell #3:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM/_build/mim2/rel/mongooseim $ ./bin/mongooseimctl live
In shell #4:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM/_build/mim3/rel/mongooseim $ ./bin/mongooseimctl live
In shell #5:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM/_build/fed1/rel/mongooseim $ ./bin/mongooseimctl live
In shell #6:
$ cd $MONGOOSEIM/_build/reg1/rel/mongooseim $ ./bin/mongooseimctl live
Back to shell #1:
$ cd big_tests/ $ make quicktest
Wait for the tests to finish and celebrate (or wallow in despair and grief)!
One-liner alternative for tmux users:
./rebar3 compile make devrel tmux new-window -n mim1 '_build/mim1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl live' tmux new-window -n mim2 '_build/mim2/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl live' tmux new-window -n mim3 '_build/mim3/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl live' tmux new-window -n fed1 '_build/fed1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl live' tmux new-window -n reg1 '_build/fed1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl live' _build/mim1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl started _build/mim2/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl started _build/mim3/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl started _build/fed1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl started _build/reg1/rel/mongooseim/bin/mongooseimctl started make -C big_tests quicktest
Start a new tmux and paste the commands.
make devrel builds four server nodes, preconfigured for a wide range of features covered by end-to-end tests.
$MONGOOSEIM/_build/mim1/rel, for most test SUITEs
$MONGOOSEIM/_build/mim*/rel, in order to test cluster-related commands;;
$MONGOOSEIM/_build/fed1/rel, in order to test XMPP federation (server to server communication, S2S).
$MONGOOSEIM/_build/reg1/rel, in order to test global distribution feature.
In general, running a server in the interactive mode (i.e.
mongooseimctl live) is not required to test it, but it's convenient as any warnings and errors can be spotted in real time.
It's also easy to inspect the server state or trace execution (e.g. using
dbg) in case of anything going wrong in some of the tests.
To run the server in the background instead of the interactive mode, use
mongooseimctl start && mongooseimctl started.
quicktest configuration is a relatively comprehensive one, giving good overview of what does and what doesn't work in the system, without repeating tests.
Why would we want to ever repeat the tests?
In order to test different backends of the same parts of the system.
E.g. a message archive might store messages in MySQL/PostgreSQL or Riak KV - the glue code between the XMPP logic module and database is different in each case, therefore repeating the same tests with different databases is necessary to guarantee a truthful code coverage measurement.
Testing a feature in development / TDD
The whole suite takes a significant amount of time to complete. When you develop a new feature, the speed of iterating is crucial to maintain the flow (who doesn't like the feeling?!) and not lose focus.
$MONGOOSEIM/big_tests/ we have:
$ tree big_tests/ -L 1 -F big_tests/ ├── Makefile ├── README.md ├── default.spec ├── test.config ├── tests/ └── ...
tests/ is where the test suites reside.
*.config files are the suite configuration files - they contain predefined XMPP client specifications, server addresses and XMPP domains to use, and options required by test support libraries (i.e. Escalus).
*.spec files are the test specifications - they define the configuration file to use, the suites, test groups or individual test cases to run or skip, and some less important things.
default.spec is the default when running
make quicktest, but it can be overridden with a
# make sure we're in $MONGOOSEIM/big_tests/ cd $MONGOOSEIM/big_tests/ make quicktest TESTSPEC=my-feature.spec
To speed up the development cycle, developers usually create a
.spec file for each feature (or each project, if you're cloning away) and only enable the suites / test groups they are working on.
The allows testing only the parts of the system that are actually being changed.
It's worth running
default.spec once in a while to check for regressions.
default.spec file to see how to run only selected tests/groups/cases.
If you're sure that none of the test dependencies have changed and you only edited the test suites and/or MongooseIM code, it's possible to speed up the tests by skipping the Rebar dependency and compilation checks by providing
PREPARE= (i.e. an empty value):
make quicktest PREPARE=
big_tests/Makefile to see how it works.
Applying code changes
When working on a feature or a bug fix you often modify the code and check if it works as expected.
In order to change the code on dev nodes that are already generated (
fed*) recompile the code for a specific node.
For example, to update the code on
mim1 node all you have to do is:
./rebar3 as mim1 compile
A similar command applies to other nodes, the important thing being rebar3's profile.
When the above command finishes, the code can be reloaded on the server by either reloading changed module(s) in the node's shell, e.g.
l(mongoose_riak), or restarting the node.
Reading test reports
When finished, the test engine writes detailed html reports into a directory:
Each run is saved into a new directory. This snippet:
#!/bin/bash lst=$(ls -rt ct_report | grep ct_run | tail -n 1) rm ct_report/lastrun ln -s $lst ct_report/lastrun
can be of some help.
If you want to check how much of the code is covered by tests, run:
Note: You need all the mim nodes (mim1, mim2 and mim3) up and running, even if you only run some of the tests. If any of the nodes is down, the test will crash.
This command will recompile and reload the code on dev nodes with coverage enabled and run test suites as defined in the spec.
Coverage statistics will be available in
There are many more options available. One of them is sequentially testing a number of preset configurations - we do it every day on Travis, testing MongooseIM with various OTP versions and database backends. Altogether, we have eight preset configuration.
If you want to dig deeper, consult
tools/travis-test.sh, everything we do is there.
Gathering test reports from Travis tests
If you test your MongooseIM fork on Travis, you might want to access test reports (which also include node logs and crash dumps) that are created by the test runner.
Uploading reports to S3
Our script uses AWS CLI to upload test results to an S3 bucket.
Simply set relevant environment variables in your repository settings on Travis (at least
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY have to be set), and enjoy test reports landing straight into your bucket (
AWS_BUCKET variable should store the bucket's name).
Uploading reports to Google Drive
To store test results in Google Drive you need to create a new project and obtain service account credentials.
You must also add Google Drive API to your project - to do this, navigate to APIs & Services in your project console and find & add Google Drive API in the Library tab.
Once downloaded, encode the credentials file with base64 (e.g.
cat serviceCreds.json | base64) and use the result as
GDRIVE_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CREDENTIALS environment variable in your Travis repository settings.
Saving reports on your personal account
The uploaded files will belong to the project that you created, i.e. will not be immediately visible from your personal Google Drive UI.
To be able to upload files to your personal account, you can share the reports' directory with the project account.
First, note the ID of the project's user that you created to gain the service account credentials (e.g.
You can see this on the Service Accounts tab of the project console.
Now, create a directory on your Google Drive that will serve as the test root directory.
Go into the directory's sharing options and paste in the project's user ID, granting it write access.
Click to expand the advanced sharing options and note the ID of the shared directory that's displayed in the share link (e.g. if the link is
https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1234567890abcdef?usp=sharing, the directory's ID is
GDRIVE_PARENT_DIR environment variable of your Travis build to the directory ID that you noted in the previous step.
Alongside CI, we do also CLT (Continuous Load Testing). We have our own load testing infrastructure, called Tide, which is triggered after every successful test run, and gives us a feedback on changes to MongooseIM performance.
Test results are publicly available on the Hello Tide! page.